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Category Archives: Insights

Thinking about Building a Volatility Surface? Think Again

At first glance, constructing a volatility surface looks like a straightforward exercise – a closer look reveals there is a great deal more to consider.

September 14, 2020

The Lognormal Bridge

This note discusses the use of a “lognormal bridge” to estimate interest rate statistics and to calculate HVAR.

July 20, 2020

Calculating Risk Under Market Uncertainty:
There is No Right Answer

When newcomers to the field of quantitative finance are assigned the task of writing up an analysis, they will often show numbers using five, six or even more digits to the right of the decimal point. This may be driven by the part of the brain that craves precision and exactness. Given the unstable nature of financial data, does that mean it is a fool’s errand to try to estimate risk?

July 13, 2020

Risk Monitoring Through Turbulent Markets

Markets change frequently and often erratically, presenting risk managers, asset managers, and investors with enormous uncertainty. Given the market volatility in recent months, it is especially important to monitor real-time risks and to test a portfolio’s resilience under future possible market fluctuations.

June 15, 2020

Imagine’s Response to Negative Oil Prices

It was a historic moment to be remembered when crude oil plunged into negative price territory on Monday 20th April 2020. Imagine’s Data, Technical, Development and Professional Services teams stood ready to assist users in ensuring they continued to correctly calculate risk metrics across commodity trading books. While negative prices are not a new thing in financial markets, it was the first time for crude oil to exhibit such behaviour. Standard pricing models (Black Scholes) for commodity future options are not designed to handle negative underlying prices. As such, Imagine applied an ‘early roll’ of the front month contract of May crude to the June expiry as the negative settle price was confirmed.

May 8, 2020

Past Rolling Hills to Smoother Pastures

How to eliminate the distortion effect of rolling futures contracts on continuity time series returns.

April 27, 2020

Imagining the Impact of a Hard Landing in China

As China confronts numerous internal and external challenges from slowing economic growth, disruption in Hong Kong and a volatile trade conflict with the United States, it may be prudent to assess and understand the risk a hard landing for the Chinese economy may pose to your portfolio.

September 19, 2019

Pricing Rainbow Options

Responding to growing client interest, this post highlights the use of Imagine’s Monte Carlo Generator to price multi-asset best-of/worst-of options (aka Rainbow Options).

June 27, 2019

Fixed Income: IR Hedging Matrix & Portfolio Analytics

Imagine’s interactive interest rate hedging tool, the IR Hedging Matrix, enables users to evaluate interest rate risks associated with any portfolio, book, or ledger, and returns the number of hedge contracts needed to hedge the interest rate risk.

March 29, 2018

Analyzing Exposures to Bitcoin in Real-Time

Recently, the price of bitcoin has reached a record high—increasing by more than 500% since early this year. Due to its decentralized nature and the popularity of block chain technology, there are those who see a bright future for cryptocurrency.

November 16, 2017

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